What are Fleas ?
There are over more than 2,000 species of fleas which are described in the world. The most common domestic flea is the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis). The dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis) is similar to the cat flea, but is rare in the United States. Flea sticktight (Echidnophaga gallinaceous) can become a problem if pets frequent areas associated with poultry.
The eggs are very smooth and oval in shape. They are very small in size about (0.5 mm), but visible to the naked eye. Its white color may prevent fabric is light colored. Small worm larvae (1.5 to 5 mm long) hatch.They can be visible to the naked eye. They have no eyes, legs and sparsely covered with hairs. The body of the larva is translucent white with a dark colored gut that can see through the skin. These immature fleas will eventually spin cocoons in which they will develop (pupate) into adult fleas. Shields are gluey, magnetizing dirt and remains. This camouflage may prevent it from being seen. Adults are 1-3 mm long, reddish brown to black, wingless and laterally compressed. Their powerful hind legs are well adapted to jump and run through hair and feathers.
Types of Fleas
1.Flea Typhus. One type of typhus caused by Rickettsia fleas, a bacterium first identified in cat fleas.
2.Murine Typhus. Another form of typhus bacteria most commonly transmitted by fleas from rodents, but also by fleas found on cats.
Fleas Feeding Habits & Where are Fleas Found
Fleas are bloodsuckers that fodder on blood. Fleas can be alive on any red-blooded mammal, but look forward to preferring to live on human beings, rats, cats, opossums and other rodents.
Effect of Fleas on Humans
Flea infestations in homes and the areas around the house often result in humans from the bite of fleas emerging. You, too, are at risk of health problems, some of which can be serious.
1.Allergic reaction:Usually in the form of small, raised lesions called papules, which may be red to purple. Severity can vary, depending on the severity of allergy to flea bites.
3.Cat scratch disease: Commonly known as an infection transmitted by cat scratches or bites, causing a red rash with bumps similar to those caused by an allergic reaction “cat scratch fever”.It can also have more serious effects in people with compromised immune systems.
4.Tapeworm: Tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum) is usually spread by infected fleas found on dogs and cats. The ingestion of fleas infected children can lead to tapeworm infection.
5.Typhus: A group of infectious disease usually results in a sustained high fever (typhoid fever), delirium, headache and rashes sometimes red. Two types are most contracted from the bites of fleas:
6.Plague: rodent fleas that can be acquired by dogs and cats in some areas could be vectors (carriers) bubonic plague, Yersinia pestis. These fleas can leave home to bite humans.
Home Remedies for Fleas
1.Neem or oatmeal shampoo: bath your pet with with essential oil, shampoo added with two drops of essential oils is an excellent way to kill fleas. Let the foam of your pet for a few minutes before rinsing well.
2.For Human prevent flea bites: Dampen a cloth with vinegar and wipe the entire body. Allow to dry and dress, you can also apply calamine lotion and Benadryl. Meanwhile, mix 1 tablespoon of vinegar with 8 oz. of water and drink once a day. It takes about 3 weeks to see the result.
3.Food grade borax & Diatomaceous earth: Diatomaceous earth and borax should be purchased from local garden store. Mix the ground and borax, 1 1 / 2 pounds each with a cup of salt. Sprinkle the mixture all over the house like carpets and more difficult to reach areas. Leave it for a few days before vacuuming it up. However, if you have children at home, you may want to use an alternative form. You can pour the mixture into the vacuum bag and then thoroughly vacuum the house. All fleas that have been absorbed then they will die within the bag. This solution is good to kill fleas, but not shelled eggs. Therefore, you may need to repeat the process.
4.Soap Dish: Use the soap for bathing the cats or dogs that will kill fleas effectively. First, put the soap on a cloth and clean the areas around the eyes, nose, mouth, chin and ears gently make sure that you do not use soap too close to sensitive areas. Then move to the area towards the neck, tail and legs. Finally, wash the rest of the body of the pet in any order with a flea comb. The foam barrier will prevent fleas from escaping. This is an effective way to kill fleas.
5.Apple Cider Vinegar: This is one of the most highly recommended remedies for the treatment of fleas from pets and humans to prevent flea bites.
6.Apple Cider For treating pets: Pour the apple cider vinegar in a spray bottle and dilute with water in 1:1 ratio. Bathe pets in baby shampoo before spraying the solution on them. Continue rubbing the skin during application. Do this every other day for 2 weeks. At the same time, add 3 tablespoons of vinegar per gallon of drinking water. However, if the dog has open wounds, do not spray it with vinegar, as it burns so bad.
7.Flea Prevention Diet: Add the garlic and sulfur in the diet of your dog once a week, will help prevent fleas. Give Black walnut hulls,the shape of the capsule can are easily found in many health & food stores.This also help to repel fleas. It may take 4 to 6 weeks for these solutions to be effective.
8.Heating Pad: Put a blanket on a heating pad set on low make sure it is not too hot. Put the cat on blanket it make hunting fleas go away. Once done, dry towel very well.
9.Bathing: Fill a bathtub halfway with warm water and add a little vinegar of any kind. Then, put the kitten in the vinegar solution be sure except the head. Then take him out and apply the soap and gently massage the body.You will find the fleas will run to the head. To kill fleas in the head, wash it with baby shampoo making careful not to get into the eyes. After that, wash the skin with the vinegar solution.
10.Dish lamp Flea Trap: Take a bowl, light colored prefer white, fill in a little water and add a few drops of dish soap to make a solution. Place the container under a light activated. The light-colored container allows more light is absorbed, attracting fleas. The soap covers fleas and makes them choke and sink to the bottom of the container.
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