Sphaeranthus indicus is also called(mundi)or(gorkhmundi) in hindi they are generally Common rabi weed found in rice fields.it is generall seen throughout India, Sri Lanka, Africa and Australia,its related of Species is also called Sphaeranthus africanus in Sanskrit-Sveta Hapusa.it is a much branched, strongly scented annual with wienged stem and the wings toothed. Leaves obovate oblong, narrowed at the base, dentate and serrate. Flowers compound heads, globose avoid, it’s Flowering time generally from november to january in Indian conditions; glandular hairy and Achene staled.
Useful of Sphaeranthus indicus (mundi)(gorkhmundi):
it’s Root, bark, leaves, flowers, and seeds.are generally used as Medicinal Properties According to Ayurveda, this herb is hot, laxative, digestible, tonic, fattening, alterative, anthelmintic and alexipharmic. It is used in insanity, tuberculosis, indigestion, bronchitis, spleen diseases, elephantiasis, anaemia, pain in uterus and vagina, piles, asthma, leucoderma, dysentery, vomiting, hemicrania, etc.it contain Methyl chavicol, a-ionone, d-cadinene, p-methoxy cinnamaldehyde as major constituents and a-terpinene,citral, geraniol, geranyl acetate, b-ionene, sphaerene as minor constituents of essential oil have been identified in it.
it can be used as: Mundi Churna, Mundi panchang swarasa, Mundi kvatha.Other uses are, herb used as a fish poison and stuffed into hole of crabs to kill them. Aqueous extract is poisonous to American cockroaches.The plant is used as a soil fertility indicator.