What Are Coriander Seeds ?
Coriander is an ayurvedic medicinal herbaceous plant, that is vastly used as a flavoring substitute for its unique smell and taste. It is used as an necessary ingredient in the curries and other choice foods. It is commonly known as Kotgmir or Dhania.The name coriander in fact originated from the Greek word Koris meaning bedbug. This plant is considered to be endogenously from Greece, but it has become popularly used spice in nearly all of the Asian countries. The scientific name for Coriander is Coriandrum Sativum L.Coriander is native to Southeastern Europe and cultivated extensively all over India, China, Europe, Middle East, and Turkey. It is identified as cilantro in the west. This herbaceous plant grows up to 2 feet in height with branching stems, appearing deep green delicate, bald, bi or tri-lobed leaves. The mature plant produces small light pink color flowers that later on turn into spherical or oval-shaped fruits (which are seeds). The seeds are oval, measure about 4-6 mm in diameter with interior hollow space containing two vertical vittae containing some significant essential oils.
The seeds are ready for harvest-time as the plants turn brown, leaves begin to dry and fall. Unripe seeds are light green and taste bitter. To harvest, the crop is cut, tied in small bundles, and dried in the sunlight for a couple of days. To separate the seeds, either the bundles hammered with stick or a lightweight roller used to wear off the pods.
Benefits Of Eating Coriander Seeds
Today, coriander is seeds and leaves are being used worldwide for culinary and medicinal purposes.Below here are some of the benefit which are very useful for health.
1.Coriander Seeds for Menstruation
Coriander seeds are also helpful in the treatment of excessive menstruation. Take six grams of Coriander seeds boiled in half a litre of water, take this decoction off the fire when only half the water is left. Add little sugar to it and should be taken when it is little warm. This is one of the popular home remedies for menstruation. Being stimulated in nature and serving proper emission from the endocrine glands, it also helps proper secretion of the hormones and thereby encouraging proper menstrual cycles and reducing pains, etc. during periods.
2.Coriander Seeds for Weight Loss
Coriander has a natural diuretic drug property, which can benefit in weight loss. Coriander is a dried seed with sweet-smelling qualities that quicken digestion. Coriander is also used for healing of dermatitis rashes and hives. Coriander is as well useful to purify the blood and to reduce gas.
3.Coriander Seeds for Swelling
Coriander seeds have Cineole, that is one of the 11 ingredients of the essential oils, and linoleic acid, existing in coriander, acquire anti rheumatoid and anti arthritic properties, that are very helpful for swelling caused due to these two reasons. For other people, such as swelling due to nonfunctional of kidney or anemia, it is viewed to be advantageous to some degree, as some of the ingredients help elimination of extra water from the body.
4.Coriander Seeds for High Cholesterol
Some of the acids present in coriander seeds like linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid;Stearic acid and ascorbic acid (like vitamin-C) are very productive in lowering the cholesterol level in the blood. They also reduce the cholesterol buildup along the internal walls of the blood vessels and veins.
5.Coriander Seeds for Diarrhea
Some of the basics of essential oils in coriander such as Borneol and Linalool are helpful in digestion, for proper functioning of liver, bonding of bowels and are also very helping to cure diarrhea. It is as well beneficial in diarrhea caused by microbial and fungal action. As basics like Cine-ole, Borneol, Limonene, Alpha-pinene & beta-phenylalanine have anti-bacterial effects. In addition, the fresh coriander leaves are superior appetizers.
6.Coriander Seeds for Mouth Ulcers
Citronella basics of essential oils in coriander, is an outstanding antiseptic. In addition, unlike components have anti microbial and healing effects, that do not let wounds and ulcers inside the mouth go worse. They aid curative up of ulcers and freshen up the breath.
7.Coriander Seeds for Digestion
Due to its rich aroma of coriander and its essential oils, it is apart from being an exceptional appetizer. Aids in proper release of enzymes and digestive fluids of the stomach also stimulates digestion and peristaltic motion. It is useful in treating troubles like anorexia.
8.Coriander Seeds for Small Pox
The essential oils in coriander are rich in anti microbial, anti oxidant, anti infectious and detoxicating basics and acids. The properties of iron and vitamin-C also strengthen the immune system. These properties aid to prevent and cure small pox. They also reduce the pain and have a relaxing effect on pox patients.
9.Coriander Seeds for Eyes
Coriander has lots of anti oxidants like vitamin-A, vitamin-C and various minerals like phosphorus as the essential oils in it, that prevents aging of eye, macular deterioration and comforts eyes against stress.coriander is a very good sterilizer and has anti-microbial properties, that protect the eyes from infectious diseases like conjunctivitis.
Medicinal Properties Of Coriander Seeds
Coriander seeds contain many plant derived chemical compounds that are known to have anti-oxidant, disease preventing, and health promoting properties.
1.Rich in Anti-Flatulent Properties:
The typical aromatic flavor of coriander seeds approaches from the various fatty acids and essential volatile oils. Various important fatty acids in the dried seeds include petroselinum acid, linoleic acid (known as omega-6), oleic acid, and palmitic acid. In addition, the seeds include essential oils such as linalool (68%), a-pinene (10%), geraniol, camphene, terpine etc. Together these active principles are liable for digestive, flatus-relieving, and anti-flatulent properties of the seeds.
2.Rich in Fiber Diet :
As like other spices, coriander is also rich in of dietetical fiber. 100 g seeds provide 41.9 g of fiber. A lot of this fiber is metabolically inert insoluble fiber, that helps to raise a bulk of the food by absorbing water throughout the digestive system and aid easing constipation situation.
3.Rich in Nutrients & Antioxidants :
Coriander seeds in addition possess dietary fibers bind to bile salts (produced from cholesterol) and subordinate their re-absorption in colon, in this way help to subordinate serum LDL cholesterol levels. In conjunction with flavonoid anti-oxidants, fiber composition of coriander aids to protect the colon mucus membrane from cancers. Unlike different dry spice seeds that are lacked in vitamin C, coriander seeds contain a large quantity of this anti-oxidant vitamin. 100 g of dried seeds give 21 mg or 35% of RDI of this vitamin.
4.Rich in Minerals Food:
The Coriander seeds are an excellent source of minerals like magnesium, iron,calcium, copper, calcium,zinc and potassium. Copper is essential in the production of red blood cells. Iron is necessary for cell metabolism and red blood cell creation. Zinc is a co-factor in various enzymes that control growth and development of sperm generation, digestion and nucleic acid synthesis. Potassium is a foremost element of cell and body fluids that aids in controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the powerful anti-oxidant enzyme and superoxide dismutase.
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